War by Other Means

War by Other Means Today, Nations Increasingly Carry Out Geopolitical Combat Through Economic Means Policies Governing Everything From Trade And Investment To Energy And Exchange Rates Are Wielded As Tools To Win Diplomatic Allies, Punish Adversaries, And Coerce Those In Between Not So In The United States, However America Still Too Often Reaches For The Gun Over The Purse To Advance Its Interests Abroad The Result Is A Playing Field Sharply Tilting Against The United States.In A Cogent Analysis Of Why The United States Is Losing Ground As A World Power And What It Can Do To Reverse The Trend, War By Other Means Describes The Statecraft Of Geoeconomics The Use Of Economic Instruments To Achieve Geopolitical Goals Geoeconomics Has Long Been A Lever Of America S Foreign Policy But Factors Ranging From U.S Bureaucratic Politics To Theories Separating Economics From Foreign Policy Leave America Ill Prepared For This New Era Of Geoeconomic Contest, While Rising Powers, Especially China, Are Adapting Rapidly The Rules Based System Americans Set In Place After World War II Benefited The United States For Decades, But Now, As The System Frays And Global Competitors Take Advantage, America Is Uniquely Self Constrained Its Geoeconomic Policies Are Hampered By Neglect And Resistance, Leaving The United States Overly Reliant On Traditional Military Force.Drawing On Immense Scholarship And Government Experience, Robert Blackwill And Jennifer Harris Show That If America S Policies Are Left Uncorrected, The Price In American Blood And Treasure Will Only Grow What Geoeconomic Warfare Requires Is A New Vision Of U.S Statecraft.

Robert D Blackwill is Henry A Kissinger Senior Fellow for U.S Foreign Policy at the Council on Foreign Relations.

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  • Hardcover
  • 384 pages
  • War by Other Means
  • Robert D. Blackwill
  • English
  • 18 June 2019
  • 9780674737211

10 thoughts on “War by Other Means

  1. Hadrian says:

    Geoeconomics, in this book s definition, is the use of economic instruments to accomplish geopolitical objectives This is a woefully understated area in my brief search, the other book length treatment on the topic is from 1985.Each chapter provides an overview of the geoeconomic landscape since the end of the Cold War This includes, but is not limited to, the benefits of increased domestic oil and gas production, Chinese geoeconomics, and other instruments of geoeconomic policy Tariffs and trade barriers are of course one method, as are sanctions to punish wrongdoers, but so is state capitalism, with a greater governmental control over specific industries Further, the book makes the case that economics and foreign policy have long been linked in American history the start is from Thomas Paine s justifications for independence and Alexander Hamilton s Report on Manufactures The Marshall Plan is for them one of the major foundations of American diplomacy, and led to the creation of international financial institutions and the establishment of the dollar as a reserve currency Blackwill and Harris note the relative disuse of geoeconomics in recent times There are some policy thrusts, but they are reactive and often justified through preserving the international legal order, not just as ends in themselves The recent administration s use of sanctions and advocacy of trade deals a...

  2. Stephanie says:

    I approached this book as someone who has worked in and now teaches international security who wants information about how states are using economic tools to achieve strategic ends Ultimately, I got what I wanted out of this book and with some caveats below, would recommend it Looking around the world Blackwill and Harris argue that major actors are increasingly using economic leverage and not military force to achieve state ends Yet, frustratingly, the United States continues to think of solutions to problems primarily in military and not economic terms As such, this book is an argument for geoeconomics or the systematic use of economic instruments to accomplish geopolitical objectives They note that while the US founding fathers eagerly embraced economic statecraft and that it was a feature of US foreign policy for most of US history, it has begun to wane They attribute this to a number of factors that had emerged by the late 1970s an increasing unwillingness to subvert profit for state interests partially due to the emergence of capitalism as a moral virtue that could not be violated by state interference, rising domestic economic insecurity, and a rise in Cold War tensions seen as requiring military and not economic solutions something also emphasized by 9 11 Therefore, while states such as China and Russia use economic leverage to a...

  3. Andrew says:

    In the introduction to this book the authors identify the biggest challenge for the US if it is to flex geoeconomic muscle America is the champion of the rules based international order, which forswears the type of arbitrariness relied upon by Russia and China in their pursuit of geoeconomic leverage So how can the US respond to these adversaries in kind, without undermining the international order which it has maintained at great benefit to itself for the last seventy years Unfortunately the book doesn t really get around to answering this question Instead the authors go into great detail about Chinese geoeconomic practices, then complain that US policymakers aren t even engaging with options to respond on the same level, having decided a couple of decades ago that economics must be practiced according to its own logic and not ...

  4. Mitchell says:

    War By Other Means is high on concept and short on reality While the authors spend a lot of time describing how China and Russia impact the rules based multilateral Bretton Woods institutions, they do not specifically outline a different logic or strategy that the US could offer as a substitute Instead, the authors focus, vaguely, on how to redirect the function of existing trade finance mechanisms in order to punish, and this will ultimately result in the subversion or abandonment of the institutions that employ those mechanisms Examples SWIFT lockout of Russia, subverting WTO arbitration rules, weaponizing USD as the reserve currency Unfortunately, if the U...

  5. Shawn says:

    Blackwill outlines a pressing case for re evaluating and updating the American foreign relations toolkit New geopolitical realities and increasingly challenging powers such as China and Russia represent a critical threat to American national interests in Eurasia and Asia They, and other challengers to American global primacy, have become adept at projecting power by means other than military, primarily through geoeconomics American statesmen were once adepts at using both military and geoeconomic tools to project, reinforce, and promote the American interest Unfortunately, a philosophical shift and American domestic politics have both cause US policy makers to sour on the potential of geoeconomics Meanwhile, through state capitalist and neo mercantilist policies, the challengers to a liberal, democratic, capitalists order have developed geoeconomic tools that do not play by rule based paradigms If the US is to continue lead the international order, it must re adopt geoeconomic...

  6. Chad Manske says:

    When we think of traditional instruments of power diplomatic, information, military and economic it s often the military we think while giving short shrift to the others Yet in a multipolar world of rising powers, and although the US arguably exercises the strongest military muscle, it s economic specifically geoeconomic muscle is ...

  7. Brandon says:

    The authors mesh geopolitics and economics in a useful, practical way that is never too heady Their concept of geoeconomics seems to be a much timely framework for understanding state aggression than traditional models of geopolitics might be, although their geoeconomics is itself not a top down framework like, say, defensive or offensive realism A great book for...

  8. Peter Phillips says:

    It is worth the read for the amount of information and insights However, it becomes a dry read with lots of jargon and repetition The authors also insist on using the term geoeconomics at least 4 times per page which can be annoying.

  9. Muhammad Murad says:

    Geoeconomics is the use of economic tools to achieve geopolitical advantages A major part of this book talks about the geoeconomics of China and the US However, it also briefly talks about the geoeconomics of Russia, the Gulf states, India, E.U, Iran and Israel.

  10. Jacob Hoeflich says:

    Indeed it is nteresting to see how economic maneuvering by nation states interacts with their geo political goals.

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